What Are Freckles And How To Get Rid Of Freckles | ClearSkin, Pune | (In HINDI)

Do you have tiny dark brown spots on your
face? Do you want to get rid of these spots? Then, this video is for you. Hello,
I am Dr. Dhananjay Chavan Cosmetic Dermatologist and Hair Transplant
Surgeon, Clear Skin & Hair MD, Pune. Freckles are nothing but the cluster of tiny
dark spots on the face. Freckles are not raised like moles. They are flat. They are not harmful or
painful. But some people may not like their appearance. So, let’s discuss freckles in detail. What are they? How they form? How can you treat them? Freckles are commonly found in people with
skin type l, ll, lll. In western
countries, they are very common. In India, usually, people with a lighter skin
tone can get freckles. Especially, females are more likely to get
freckles as their skin is more prone to sunburn and tanning. Freckles are often confused with melasma. They are mainly caused due to the excess of
melanin in your body. When the production of melanin increases in
your body, dark patches can occur on your skin. The number of melanin pigment increases due
to sun exposure or genetic predisposition. Freckles generally develop in childhood, adolescence
or young adulthood. Usually, the color of freckles remains the
same. Sometimes, it may vary
due to external reasons like sun exposure. There are two types of freckles: ephelides
and solar lentigines. Ephelides are tiny, flat, tan-colored spots. The size of the ephelides is
about 1 to 2 mm. They are more visible during the summer. Freckles are common in people with light skin,
reddish hair, and bright eyes. These are not common in Indians. Solar lentigines are large pigmented spots. They are isolated. They are usually found in areas with sunburn. They are common in older
people. This type of freckles is darker than common
freckles. They don’t get fade during winter. These are also known as liver spots or age
spots. Freckles are not harmful to the skin. But it can affect the self-esteem of some. In such a case, they need treatment. So, let us discuss how to treat freckles. There are various medical treatments available. Dermatologists assess the skin to understand
the intensity of the freckles. Then they give you a personalized treatment. The treatment of the freckles may depend on
the type and the darkness of freckles. Modern medical treatments like topical creams,
retinoids, lasers, chemical peels are used to treat freckles. So let’s discuss these treatments in detail. Products like alpha hydroxy acids, trichloroacetic
acid, phenols or acid peels help to lighten the freckles
and skin pigmentation The second treatment is a topical cream. Skin lightening creams that contain hydroquinone
can also be used to treat freckles. Retinoids are used to improve the appearance
of the skin. The third treatment is Medicated skin lightening
cream. Skin lightening creams that contain agents
like hydroquinone, kojic acid, Arbutin and Azelaic acid that can lighten
your skin reduce the freckles. Hydroquinone helps to reduce the excess production
of melanin. The combination of bleaching and fading creams
are the most effective measure for sun protection and freckles. The fourth treatment is Retinoids. Retinoids absorb the ultraviolet radiation
and improve sun-damaged skin. It
can lighten freckles and prevent their recurrence. It helps to destroy accumulated melanin pigment
in the body and accelerate skin cell turnover. Usually, bleaching creams are made of
retinoids. Creams that contain tretinoin acid, tazarotene,
and adapalene can be used to lighten your freckles. Your freckles can be reduced if you use these
creams consistently. The fifth treatment is chemical peels. Chemical peels help to remove the outermost
layer of skin by exfoliating. Exfoliation helps to reduce your freckles
and make your skin smoother and softer. The chemical peels come in three different
strengths depending on the depth of skin penetrated: superficial, medium,
and deep. Chemical peels can be used to treat freckles
on the face, arms, and hands. They may cause temporary redness, irritation,
crusting, and swelling. It takes a week or two for the recovery. During this period, it’s essential to
avoid the sun, take antivirals, and apply a topical ointment daily to promote
healing and soothe skin. The sixth treatment is cryotherapy. In this treatment, liquid nitrogen is used
to freeze and destroy abnormal skin cells that can cause pigmented freckles. Therefore, the freckled lesions become white. As a result, this restores the normal pigmentation
of the skin. The procedure is safe, requires no hospitalization,
no anesthesia. The
recovery period is also short. It can cause side effects such as pain,
swelling, blistering, bruising, or hypopigmentation. To avoid these, you should follow proper skincare
before, after & during the procedure. The seventh treatment is laser therapy. Lasers target damaged areas of skin using
pulses of forced and intense light. It burns the blood vessels underneath the
freckles, reduces their appearance, and may also remove them entirely
on occasion. Eighth treatment is Q-switched ND YAG laser
1064 nm or Pico laser. It is an effective and safe treatment for
freckles. Lasers don’t cause any
long-term damaging effects, but they may cause temporary itching,
swelling, redness, crusting, peeling, infection, etc. It takes some time to get the result of all
these treatments. You may need to take multiple sessions of
the treatment. Along with these treatments, you
need to take good care of your skin also. You need to follow some precautions to prevent
the recurrence of freckles. So let’s see how can we prevent freckles. Sun exposure can cause freckles. It may aggravate the existing freckles. Therefore, always use a sunscreen before going
out in the sun. Use sunscreen even if you are not going out
and staying at home or an office. Do not overexpose yourself to the sun. Protect your skin with the
help of Hats, Caps, Scarves, Stole, or an Umbrella. Wear full sleeve
clothes. Eat a healthy and balanced diet. Incorporate foods with vitamin C
in your diet like citrus fruits, kiwis, or spinach. Vitamin C inhibits the
production of melanin in your body and helps reduce pigmentation. You can also use vitamin C supplements. Follow a healthy lifestyle and consult with
a doctor if needed. I hope you like this video. If you have any other questions, please ask
them in the comments below at www.clearskin.in. We will try to respond to them soon. Remember, this is an educational video. Therefore, consult with your
dermatologist before taking any medication. Freckles are not harmful to the skin. But do not ignore them. Follow the instructions given by your doctor. Keep your skin dry and clean. Sun protection is the most important. Always use sunscreen before going
out in the sun. You can achieve spotless skin with the right
treatment and proper precautions. All the best! Thank you!

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